Now showing items 21-40 of 65

  • If matter matters : navigating the moral implications of panpsychism 

    Howe, E. Alexander (University of Missouri--Columbia, 2015)
    When you gaze at a sunset or taste a peach, there is a subjective feel to be had. This subjective "feel" is referred to as the qualitative character of experience. My goal is to argue that a certain ontological theory of ...
  • Niche construction and the role of environment : towards a new logic of natural selection explanations 

    Chiu, Lynn (Chien-Hui Chiu) (University of Missouri--Columbia, 2015)
    [ACCESS RESTRICTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT AUTHOR'S REQUEST.] I argue that natural selection explanations are not necessarily externalist, i.e. they don't always cite features of the environment as explanans. In ...
  • Epistemic democracy and political legitimacy 

    Zhang, Sheng (University of Missouri--Columbia, 2015)
    My dissertation aims to answer two questions: (1) Is democracy epistemically valuable? (2) Is the epistemic value of democracy, if it has any, necessary for justifying its legitimacy? I argue that democracy in certain form ...
  • Niche construction and the role of environment : towards a new logic of natural selection explanations 

    Chiu, Lynn (University of Missouri--Columbia, 2015)
    [ACCESS RESTRICTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT AUTHOR'S REQUEST.] Biological systems may move in, feed on, socialize with, and change the world around it. How should we explain how these systems develop, act, think, ...
  • The division of moral labor : prospects, problems and progress in examining the moral status/social category relationship 

    Marks-Wilt, Garrett (University of Missouri--Columbia, 2015)
    [ACCESS RESTRICTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT REQUEST OF AUTHOR.] This thesis outlines a theoretical framework that yields testable predictions concerning how social categorization impacts moral regard. According to ...
  • Toward a virtue account of science 

    Wright, Jacob Warren (University of Missouri--Columbia, 2014)
    [ACCESS RESTRICTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT AUTHOR'S REQUEST.] This dissertation argues for a virtue account of science in which foundational scientific goals are achieved by scientists' employment of virtuous tools ...
  • Epistemic virtue and knowledge attribution 

    Harris, Keith Raymond (University of Missouri--Columbia, 2015)
    [ACCESS RESTRICTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT REQUEST OF AUTHOR.] What factors influence whether we may rightly attribute knowledge to a subject? It is uncontroversial that factors like whether a subject has a given ...
  • The metaphysics of content : towards a minimalist account of propositions 

    Frank, Devin (University of Missouri--Columbia, 2015)
    [ACCESS RESTRICTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT REQUEST OF AUTHOR.] Propositions appear to be needed as the objects of belief and other propositional attitudes, the primary bearers of truth and falsity, and the semantic ...
  • A salience account of explanatory power 

    Shorey, Katy (University of Missouri--Columbia, 2015)
    [ACCESS RESTRICTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT REQUEST OF AUTHOR.] When we ask questions like "why won't my car engine start?" or "why is John late?" we are searching for explanations. We search for explanations in a ...
  • Compensation as the moral foundation of Jus Post Bellum 

    Koszela, Adam (University of Missouri--Columbia, 2015)
    Given how much harm can be done after the fighting part of wars end, and given recent failures to secure lasting peace after conflicts (e.g. in Afghanistan and Iraq), developing an account of the conditions of a just peace, ...
  • A solution to skeptical puzzles 

    Lee, Kok Yong ([University of Missouri--Columbia], 2014)
    In this dissertation, I aim at resolving the skeptical puzzle. An instance of this puzzle is as follows: (1) I know that I have hands. (2) I don't know that I am not a brain in a vat (being stimulated to experience having ...
  • Epistemic duties and blameworthiness for belief 

    Gadsden, Christopher Todd ([University of Missouri--Columbia], 2014)
    People sometimes believe things they shouldn't. Tommy believes in Santa Claus, Rev. Jones believes that the world is ending, and Adolf believes that some ethnic groups are superior to others. But are they somehow at fault ...
  • Moral wrongness and reactive attitudes 

    Fan, Wenwen, 1984- ([University of Missouri--Columbia], 2014)
    In my dissertation, I examine the relationship between moral wrongness and negative reactive attitudes. In particular, I inquire (1) whether moral wrongness is conceptually connected to the empirical disposition to hold ...
  • Rethinking the evolution of human intelligence 

    Rohwer, Yasha (University of Missouri--Columbia, 2012)
    [ACCESS RESTRICTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT AUTHOR'S REQUEST.] Humans have very large, complex brains for their size. Why are humans so intelligent and why did we become intelligent so quickly? My dissertation ...
  • A new defense of the knowledge norm of assertion 

    Montgomery, Brian Alan (University of Missouri--Columbia, 2012)
    [ACCESS RESTRICTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT AUTHOR'S REQUEST.] Recent work in both the philosophy of language and epistemology has relied on the premise that there is a norm of assertion, that there are certain ...
  • Optimality explanations : a new approach 

    Rice, Collin (University of Missouri--Columbia, 2012)
    [ACCESS RESTRICTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT AUTHOR'S REQUEST.] Despite its importance, philosophers have found it difficult to say precisely what constitutes a scientific explanation. One of the most prominent ...
  • Justifying war : an account of just and merely justifying causes for war 

    Allen, Crystal (University of Missouri--Columbia, 2012)
    [ACCESS RESTRICTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT AUTHOR'S REQUEST.] My project is to offer a new answer to the traditional question: What can justify the resort to war? I defend substantive accounts of the Just Cause ...
  • Choice, ownership and responsibility 

    Liu, Xiaofei (University of Missouri--Columbia, 2012)
    My dissertation is to answer these two questions: "Does moral responsibility require choice?" and "If not, what does it require?" Classic accounts of moral responsibility, such as libertarian accounts, assume a volition ...
  • Bounded rationality in games of strategy 

    Sperry-Taylor, Ashton T. (University of Missouri--Columbia, 2011)
    [ACCESS RESTRICTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT REQUEST OF AUTHOR.] Traditional game theory predicts behavior contrary to how real people actually behave. And what traditional game theory prescribes as the rational ...
  • Van Fraassen and a defense of inference to the best explanation 

    Finke, Darin (University of Missouri--Columbia, 2011)
    Inference to the best explanation (IBE) is an inductive argument type that takes advantage of the fact that explanatory considerations serve as an epistemic guide to believing what is the case. Bas van Fraassen has presented ...