Short and long-term effects of birth weight and neonatal medical complications on children's emotional and behavioral outcomes

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Short and long-term effects of birth weight and neonatal medical complications on children's emotional and behavioral outcomes

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10355/5501

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dc.contributor.advisor Buss, Kristin A. en
dc.contributor.author Williams, Natalie A., 1976- en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-02-23T16:32:37Z
dc.date.available 2010-02-23T16:32:37Z
dc.date.issued 2008 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2008 Summer en
dc.identifier.other WilliamsN-053107-10381 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10355/5501
dc.description The entire dissertation/thesis text is included in the research.pdf file; the official abstract appears in the short.pdf file (which also appears in the research.pdf); a non-technical general description, or public abstract, appears in the public.pdf file. en_US
dc.description Title from title screen of research.pdf file (viewed on June 18, 2009) en_US
dc.description Vita. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references. en_US
dc.description Thesis (Ph. D.) University of Missouri-Columbia 2008. en_US
dc.description Dissertations, Academic -- University of Missouri--Columbia -- Psychology. en_US
dc.description.abstract Research consistently indicates that children born low birth weight are at increased risk for poor adjustment outcomes throughout development. Despite a relatively large literature, the mechanisms accounting for the association between birth weight and adjustment are not well understood. The current investigation examined the effects of birth weight and neonatal medical complications on children's emotional and behavioral outcomes at age 2 (Study 1, N = 9074, 51.1% boys) and at age 10 (Study 2, N = 771, 48% boys). Although low birth weight was a significant predictor of toddler temperament characteristics (e.g., regulatory difficulties), it was a stronger negative influence on psychosocial functioning in late childhood. Importantly, the adverse effect of low birth weight on several of the age 10 outcomes was indirect through children's health status at birth. Specifically, the associations between birth weight and school aged adjustment difficulties related to anxious/shy behavior, cognitive functioning/inattention, perfectionism, and social problems were mediated by neonatal medical complications. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher University of Missouri--Columbia en_US
dc.relation.ispartof 2008 Freely available dissertations (MU) en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Birth weight, Low en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Child development en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Children -- Health and hygiene en_US
dc.title Short and long-term effects of birth weight and neonatal medical complications on children's emotional and behavioral outcomes en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
thesis.degree.discipline Psychology en_US
thesis.degree.grantor University of Missouri--Columbia en_US
thesis.degree.name Ph. D. en_US
thesis.degree.level Doctoral en_US
dc.identifier.merlin .b6905986x en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 402543134 en_US
dc.relation.ispartofcommunity University of Missouri-Columbia. Graduate School. Theses and Dissertations. Dissertations. 2008 Dissertations


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