Evaluation of a Diabetes Empowerment Education Program in a Low-Income Urban Population
Type 2 Diabetes is a serious chronic disease effecting an estimated 422 million of the world population including 29 million Americans. Diabetes places a serious strain on the healthcare resources and leads to 1.5 millions deaths each year in the United States (US). A diagnosis of type 2 Diabetes translates into the undisputable need for lifestyle modification to prevent complications associated with suboptimal management of the disease. The purpose of this project is to evaluate the efficacy of using the Diabetes Empowerment Education Program as an integral component of diabetes management to provide knowledge and self-care skills to low income patients at primary care clinic located in Kansas City, Missouri. In the quasi experimental quality improvement project, a retrospective electronic chart review was conducted to collect demographic and clinical glycosylated hemoglobin A1C data before and after the educational program over a six-month period, and 11 adults participants completed the program. The pre and post intervention data was analyzed using Wilcoxon signed ranked test and paired t test. The study results showed improvement in 91% of the 11 participants’ A1C levels and an increase in patient confidence that mirrors a better understanding and ability to manage diabetes. The positive outcomes of the study promote the use of education as part of the medical care plan for diabetes management to foster achievement of quality healthcare for diabetics.
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