Cerebrovascular Accident Behavioral Modification Education for High-Risk Women
Cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs) continue to be one of the leading causes of disability and death throughout the United States (U.S.). While both men and women are at risk for CVAs, more women have CVAs each year than men. Prevention, including CVA education and education regarding behavioral modifications, should be an essential aspect of health care to lower overall risk and incidence of CVAs in women. The primary purpose of this project was to develop and implement an educational session that would incorporate behavioral modification interventions for women who are at high-risk for CVAs. This project was conducted by a Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) student and implemented through an education and behavioral modification empowerment class. The class consisted of 30 women currently enrolled in the well-integrated screening and evaluation for women across the nation (WISEWOMAN) program at Jordan Valley Community Health Center. Outcomes of the interventions evaluated through the Stroke Knowledge Test and the Cerebrovascular Attitudes and Beliefs Scale and results were analyzed using a Wilcoxon signed rank-test. Results from this project showed that women did increase their knowledge related to CVA and the risk factors related to CVA. However, the women involved in the project were not more motivated after the educational session to make the behavioral modifications required to lower overall risk of CVA. More strenuous educational and behavioral modification research may be needed to understand the information necessary for these women to implement lifestyle behavioral modifications to lower their overall risk of CVA.
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