The theory of the social forces
Text from page 1: "Professor Ross has well said that "the corner stone of sociology must be a sound doctrine of the social (1) forces." While this is true sociologists seem to be at loggerheads when it comes to making a statement of "the social forces". In purely scientific terms, "force", in the sense of the sufficient cause of phenomena, physical or social, may be a misnomer; but, if by "social forces" we mean "the active factors in association", the expression may be allowed to stand for (2) want of a better term. Indeed, the term "force" is commonly applied and used in the physical sciences, and has been taken over by the social sciences as well. Since this is true, we will use the term "social forces" as equivalent to "the active factors in association", in our attempt to state what is basic in a scientific discussion of social life and institutions."