Modern biotechnology for innovation of agricultural development in the developing world : what role can Japan play?
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Genetically modified organism (GMO) technology is among a wide range of modern agricultural biotechnologies that is undergoing research and development (R and D) for developing countries in Japan, although GM crops have not been adopted in Japan itself. A semi-structured interview based on 52 stakeholders revealed the perspectives of scientists and other relevant participants inside and outside Japan on biotechnology R and D partnerships between Japan and developing countries and on the future delivery of biotech products such as GM crops in developing countries. This study examines domestic challenges associated with the potential adoption of GM crops and the impact of the domestic position on its partnerships with developing countries, as well as discusses some approaches to address the problems. The article argues that partnership between the Japanese government and their scientists is key to decision making on GMO policy. More importantly, the government needs to demonstrate more commitment by engaging relevant stakeholders including scientists, farmers, consumer organizations, and the private and public sector on important issues relating to GM technology R and D, application, and effective communication of GM products.