Smart City Open Data Network System: Openness, Security, and Privacy
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The increasing concentration of population around the cities poses challenges in their operation and services. On the other hand, the current technological revolution allows scalable and innovative means to better serve the public. Many city governments are collecting, publishing and analyzing more data from diverse sources including IoT sensors. City government’s open data provides multiple values such as improving transparency of the government, enhancing the efﬁciency of its operations and services and attracting more businesses to the region. However, the resulting data systems, called Open Data Portals (ODPs) become more complicated and create the issues of accessibility, security, and privacy. Extensive analyses of ODPs of many cities around the world using diverse methodologies have been performed. We ﬁnd that the extent of openness of data and popularity, and the level of security of ODPs are highly diverse across the cities. We then provide the recommendations for improving security measures of ODPs. Considering the privacy issues of data in ODPs, we provide a tool to automatically ﬁltering Personally Identiﬁable Information (PII).
Table of Contents
Introduction -- Related work -- Smart City Open Data System internetworking -- Smart City Open System security -- Smart City Open Data (SCOD) openness -- Privacy issue analysis -- Conclusion and future work -- Appendix A. Security comparison ranking data for all cities -- Appendix B. Security comparison figures for all cities