Subgroup disproportionality in special education in a single district
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The purpose of this study was to examine overrepresentation of African Americans, males, and low socioeconomic students in special education. Many national and regional studies have attempted to study this issue, but have failed to effectively control for confounding variables. National and regional databases do not contain student-level data making it difficult to effectively measure the interactions between race, gender, and socioeconomic status. This study followed a quantitative design, focusing on a single school district in Missouri. The study was a secondary analysis of data collected by a single school district. This district was identified by the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education as being overrepresented in special education with African American students. Student-level data was analyzed to examine the effects of race, gender, and socioeconomic on the levels of overrepresentation among demographic subgroups.