Mediterranean Diet in Self-Management of Type II Diabetes
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Type II Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder, the prevalence of the disease has been increasing rapidly, becoming a worldwide epidemic. Risk factors of T2DM are obesity, physical inactivity, and sedentary lifestyle. Uncontrolled T2DM is associated with co-morbid diseases, increasing the health care cost and mortality rate which creates the need for better management of the disease. The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to improve diatebes self-management by implementing use of the Mediterranean diet and motivation interviewing. The study sample included eight participants with a diagnosis of T2DM with a glycosylated hemoglobin of greater than seven percent. The quality improvement project was conducted from November 2018 to March 2019 in a primary care clinic. Pre and post-surveys on Mediterranean diet intake and glycosylated hemoglobin results were obtained in the project. After 3 months of compliance with the Mediterranean diet, a reduction in glycosylated hemoglobin was achieved which fosters a decrease in the comorbid diseases of coronary artery disease, stroke, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. Improved management of type II diabetes mellitus enhances individual well-being and quality of life, and reduces health care costs.
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