Radio Interferometric Tests of General Relativity
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Since VLBI techniques give microarcsecond position accuracy of celestial objects, tests of GR using radio sources as probes of a gravitational field have been made. We present the results from two recent tests using the VLBA: In 2005, the measurement of the classical solar deflection; and in 2002, the measurement of the retarded gravitational deflection associated with Jupiter. The deflection experiment measured PPN-gamma to an accuracy of 0.0003; the Jupiter experiment measured the retarded term to 20% accuracy. The controversy over the interpretation of the retarded term is summarized.