Bioethicists in the news: the evolving role of bioethicists as expert sources in science and medical stories

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Bioethicists in the news: the evolving role of bioethicists as expert sources in science and medical stories

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10355/7114

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dc.contributor.advisor Cameron, Glen T. en_US
dc.contributor.author Kruvand, Marjorie en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-30T14:07:35Z
dc.date.available 2010-04-30T14:07:35Z
dc.date.issued 2008 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2008 Spring en_US
dc.identifier.other KruvandM-110509-D9589 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10355/7114
dc.description Title from PDF of title page (University of Missouri--Columbia, viewed on Feb. 23, 2010). en_US
dc.description The entire thesis text is included in the research.pdf file; the official abstract appears in the short.pdf file; a non-technical public abstract appears in the public.pdf file. en_US
dc.description Dr. Glen T. Cameron, Dissertation Supervisor. en_US
dc.description Vita. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references. en_US
dc.description Ph. D. University of Missouri--Columbia 2008. en_US
dc.description Dissertations, Academic -- University of Missouri--Columbia -- Journalism. en_US
dc.description.abstract Journalists have increasingly used bioethicists as expert sources in stories on science, medicine, and technology with strong ethical ramifications. Yet little is known about how and why journalists select bioethicists as expert sources, which bioethicists are used most often, the perspectives they offer, and the roles they fill. This research uses news routines, news values, agenda-building theory and framing theory to examine the use of bioethicists as expert sources in six newspapers between 1992 and 2006. A quantitative content analysis of 456 stories, a qualitative framing analysis on a subset of that coverage, and interviews with a science or medical reporter at each newspaper provided converging lines of inquiry. This study finds that one bioethicist is quoted in the vast majority of stories although bioethicists have a wide range of backgrounds, credentials, religions, biases, and viewpoints. In addition, a small handful of media-savvy bioethicists have become habitual sources. A bioethicist who is directly quoted is apt to provide opinion rather than fact and is much more likely to serve as a critic or skeptic on a bioethical issue than an advocate. Moreover, the findings show that bioethicists are most often used as expert sources in stories on end-of-life issues; conflict of interest, fraud, and unethical behavior; human stem cell research and cloning; and healthcare allocation than on other topics. But this research shows that in being more reactive than proactive, biothicists and the public relations practitioners who represent them tend to respond to the media agenda on bioethical issues rather than vigorously help to build it. en_US
dc.format.extent vii, 151 pages en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher University of Missouri--Columbia en_US
dc.relation.ispartof 2008 Freely available dissertations (MU) en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Science in mass media en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Bioethics en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Mass media en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Evidence, Expert en_US
dc.title Bioethicists in the news: the evolving role of bioethicists as expert sources in science and medical stories en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
thesis.degree.discipline Journalism en_US
thesis.degree.grantor University of Missouri--Columbia en_US
thesis.degree.name Ph. D. en_US
thesis.degree.level Doctoral en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 608552739 en_US
dc.relation.ispartofcommunity University of Missouri-Columbia. Graduate School. Theses and Dissertations. Dissertations. 2008 Dissertations


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