Discovery of Anion Insertion Electrochemistry in Layered Hydroxide Nanomaterials
Electrode materials which undergo anion insertion are a void in the materials innovation landscape and a missing link to energy efficient electrochemical desalination. In recent years layered hydroxides (LHs) have been studied for a range of electrochemical applications, but to date have not been considered as electrode materials for anion insertion electrochemistry. Here, we show reversible anion insertion in a LH for the first time using Co and Co-V layer hydroxides. By pairing in situ synchrotron and quartz crystal microbalance measurements with a computational unified electrochemical band-diagram description, we reveal a previously undescribed anion-insertion mechanism occurring in Co and Co-V LHs. This proof of concept study demonstrates reversible electrochemical anion insertion in LHs without significant material optimization. These results coupled with our foundational understanding of anion insertion electrochemistry establishes LHs as a materials platform for anion insertion electrochemistry with the potential for future application to electrochemical desalination.
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