Atrial Fibrillation Patient Education: An Evidence-Based Project
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Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia in the healthcare setting. As of 2010, there were 33.5 million Americans living with atrial fibrillation in the United States. It is a chronic condition that requires continuous education by healthcare providers in primary care and specialty settings. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to determine if providing patient education via the CardioVisual mobile application to patients newly diagnosed with atrial fibrillation increased patient knowledge regarding atrial fibrillation and improved medication adherence to anticoagulant therapy in three months. This project used a quasi-experimental pre test/post-test design. Participants were asked to complete the Jessa Atrial Fibrillation Knowledge Questionnaire and the Measurement of Treatment Adherence tool prior to the intervention and three months after the intervention. The project was conducted at two cardiology clinics in Kansas City, Missouri. The participants were men and women age 40 to 75 newly diagnosed with atrial fibrillation in the last year. The sample size was 28 participants. The primary outcome was atrial fibrillation patient knowledge. General patient knowledge about atrial fibrillation and anticoagulants improved after the educational intervention. The secondary outcome evaluated was adherence to anticoagulant therapy. Overall adherence to anticoagulant therapy increased after the educational intervention. Through the use of CardioVisual, patients engaged in shared decision-making and made informed decisions about the individualized healthcare plan.
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