Investigating short-term and long-term binder performance of high-RAP mixtures containing waste cooking oil
The environmental and economic benefits of recycling asphalt pavements have received much attention in recent years. Because of the increase in the cost of raw materials and energy carriers, the reuse of large portions of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) is critical in reducing both the cost and environmental footprint of asphalt pavements. High-RAP mixtures are more prone to low temperature cracking and poor mixture workability because of the higher stiffness of RAP binder. Recycling agents are one of the additives which are used to improve these deficiencies. However, there is some ambiguity about the optimum content of recycling agent to assure proper performance of recycled asphalt pavement during its service life. The current study used 60 percent and 100 percent fractionated RAP with waste cooking oil as a recycling agent and crumb rubber to alleviate the aforementioned problems. Laboratory evaluation showed that increasing the amount of recycling agent in the high-RAP mixtures improved their workability and low temperature performance while decreasing moisture damage and rutting resistance. The long-term susceptibility to aging of recycled binder with the organically-based recycling agent was also investigated. A procedure to obtain the optimum percentage of recycling agent was devised to strike a balance between the performance characteristics of mixtures with a high-RAP content.
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