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dc.contributor.authorBurress, Jacob W., 1983-eng
dc.contributor.authorKraus, Michael A., 1978-eng
dc.contributor.authorBeckner, Matteng
dc.contributor.authorCepel, Rainaeng
dc.contributor.authorSuppes, Galen J.eng
dc.contributor.authorPfeifer, Petereng
dc.contributor.authorWexler, Carlos, 1966-eng
dc.date.issued2009eng
dc.descriptiondoi: 10.1088/0957-4484/20/20/204026eng
dc.description.abstractIt is shown how appropriately engineered nanoporous carbons provide materials for reversible hydrogen storage, based on physisorption, with exceptional storage capacities (~80 g H2/kg carbon, ~50 g H2/liter carbon, at 50 bar and 77 K). Nanopores generate high storage capacities (a) by having high surface area to volume ratios, and (b) by hosting deep potential wells through overlapping substrate potentials from opposite pore walls, giving rise to a binding energy nearly twice the binding energy in wide pores. Experimental case studies are presented with surface areas as high as 3100 m2 g−1, in which 40% of all surface sites reside in pores of width ~0.7 nm and binding energy ~9 kJ mol−1, and 60% of sites in pores of width>1.0 nm and binding energy ~5 kJ mol−1. The findings, including the prevalence of just two distinct binding energies, are in excellent agreement with results from molecular dynamics simulations. It is also shown, from statistical mechanical models, that one can experimentally distinguish between the situation in which molecules do (mobile adsorption) and do not (localized adsorption) move parallel to the surface, how such lateral dynamics affects the hydrogen storage capacity, and how the two situations are controlled by the vibrational frequencies of adsorbed hydrogen molecules parallel and perpendicular to the surface: in the samples presented, adsorption is mobile at 293 K, and localized at 77 K. These findings make a strong case for it being possible to significantly increase hydrogen storage capacities in nanoporous carbons by suitable engineering of the nanopore space.eng
dc.description.sponsorshipThis material is based upon work supported in part by the Department of Energy under Award No. DE-FG02-07ER46411. Use of the Advanced Photon Source was supported by the US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. DEAC02-06CH11357. CW and RC gratefully acknowledge the University of Missouri Bioinformatics Consortium for the use of their computational facilities. The authors would like to thank M Frederick Hawthorne, Francisco Rodr´ıguez-Reinoso, Louis Schlapbach, Andreas Z¨uttel, Bogdan Kuchta, Lucyna Firlej, Michael Roth, and Michael Gordon for valuable contributions. Finally, the authors would like to acknowledge helpful contributions by Hiden Isochema Ltd,Warrington, UK.eng
dc.identifier.citationJacob Burress et al 2009 Nanotechnology 20 204026eng
dc.identifier.issn0957-4484eng
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10355/7565eng
dc.languageEnglisheng
dc.publisherInstitute of Physicseng
dc.relation.ispartofcollectionUniversity of Missouri--Columbia. College of Arts and Sciences. Department of Physics and Astronomy. Physics and Astronomy publicationseng
dc.rightsOpenAccess.eng
dc.rights.licenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.eng
dc.subjectnanoporous carbonseng
dc.subjectnanomaterialseng
dc.subjectsurfaces and thin filmseng
dc.subject.lcshNanostructured materialseng
dc.subject.lcshThin filmseng
dc.subject.lcshPhysisorptioneng
dc.subject.lcshPorous materialseng
dc.subject.lcshCarbon -- Structureeng
dc.titleHydrogen storage in engineered carbon nanospaceseng
dc.typeArticleeng


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