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dc.contributor.advisorNaveh-Benjamin, Mosheeng
dc.contributor.authorGreene, Nathaniel R.eng
dc.date.issued2019eng
dc.date.submitted2019 Summereng
dc.description.abstract[ACCESS RESTRICTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT REQUEST OF AUTHOR.] The ability to remember associations among components of an event lies at the core of episodic memory (Tulving, 1983), and this ability declines with normal aging (Naveh-Benjamin, 2000). In accord with the specificity principle of memory (Surprenant & Neath, 2009), age-related declines in associative memory may occur because tasks of associative memory require individuals to retrieve specific information, which is liable to induce forgetting, and older adults may be impaired in their ability to either encode (e.g., Craik & Byrd, 1982) or retrieve specific information (Craik, 2006; Luo & Craik, 2009). Guided by this principle, we endeavored to determine whether ubiquitous age-related deficits in associative memory are restricted to specific bounded representations or extend also to the gist of associations. In two experiments, young and older adult participants (30 each in Experiment 1, 40 each in Experiment 2) studied face-scene pairs and were administered associative recognition tests following variable delays. Whereas both young and older adults could retrieve associations at gist levels of representation, older adults were impaired in their ability to retrieve more specific levels of representation. Further, in Experiment 2, we found that associations could be retrieved from multiple levels of specificity, suggesting that episodic memory might be accessed on a continuum of specificity, with age-related impairments in retrieval restricted to more specific levels.eng
dc.description.bibrefIncludes bibliographical referenceseng
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityby Nathaniel R. Greeneeng
dc.format.extent1 online resource (vi, 80 pages) : illustrationseng
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10355/75848
dc.languageEnglisheng
dc.publisherUniversity of Missouri--Columbiaeng
dc.relation.ispartofcommunityUniversity of Missouri--Columbia. Graduate School. Theses and Dissertationseng
dc.rightsAccess to files is restricted to the campuses of the University of Missourieng
dc.titleA specificity principle of memory : evidence from aging and associate memoryeng
dc.typeThesiseng
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychology (MU)eng
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Missouri--Columbiaeng
thesis.degree.levelMasterseng
thesis.degree.nameM.A.eng


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