Time-Dependent Kohn-Sham Theory with Memory
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In time-dependent density-functional theory, exchange and correlation (xc) beyond the adiabatic approximation can be described by viscoelastic stresses in the electron liquid. In the time domain, the resulting velocity-dependent xc vector potential has a memory containing short- and long-range components, leading to decoherence and energy relaxation. We solve the associated time-dependent Kohn-Sham equations, including the dependence on densities and currents at previous times, for the case of charge-density oscillations in a quantum well. We illustrate xc memory effects, clarify the dissipation mechanism, and extract intersubband relaxation rates for weak and strong excitations.
Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 086401 (2005)