Anisotropic plasmons in a two-dimensional electron gas with spin-orbit interaction
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Spin-orbit coupling-induced anisotropies of plasmon dynamics are investigated in two- dimensional semiconductor structures. The interplay of the linear Bychkov-Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit interactions drastically affects the plasmon spectrum: the dynamical structure factor exhibits variations over several decades, prohibiting plasmon propagation in specific directions. While this plasmon filtering makes the presence of spin-orbit coupling in plasmon dynamics observable, it also offers a control tool for plasmonic devices. Remarkably, if the strengths of the two interactions are equal, not only the anisotropy but all the traces of the linear spin-orbit coupling in the collective response disappear.
Phys. Rev. B 79, 205305 (2009) [5 pages]