Dynamical Corrections to the DFT-LDA Electron Conductance in Nanoscale Systems
Metadata[+] Show full item record
Using time-dependent current-density functional theory, we derive analytically the dynamical exchange-correlation correction to the dc conductance of nanoscale junctions. The correction pertains to the conductance calculated in the zero-frequency limit of time-dependent density functional theory within the adiabatic local-density approximation. In particular, we show that in linear response, the correction depends nonlinearly on the gradient of the electron density; thus, it is more pronounced for molecular junctions than for quantum point contacts. We provide specific numerical examples to illustrate these findings.
Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 186810 (2005) [4 pages]