Is cognitive behavioral therapy an effective treatment for fibromyalgia?
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The effect of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is not particularly robust. As a single treatment for fibromyalgia, CBT is about as effective as an education program or exercise for improving syndrome-related variables such as adherence, coping, and improved physical functioning. CBT is also not effective in reducing pain levels. However, when CBT is used as a component of a multidisciplinary program, the combined therapy is particularly useful for patients experiencing fatigue. (SOR B, based on a review and randomized controlled trial [RCT].)
Evidence Based Practice 13(4): 13.