How should physicians mitigate medicolegal risk when completing sports preparticipation evaluations?
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Physicians can be held accountable for failure to properly diagnose and manage and appropriately disqualify individuals from competitive sports activities. To mitigate this risk, physicians are advised to follow nationally well-known protocols—such as the American Heart Association guidelines and American College of Cardiology's Bethesda Conference guidelines. Eligibility or disqualification should be clearly communicated to the athlete and documented by the physician. Documentation of the assessment and recommendations should also be supplied to other interested parties, which in some cases may require a separate consent to avoid patient confidentiality violation. (SOR C, based on expert opinion and case law.)
Evidence Based Practice 13(7): 09-10.