Spin Dynamics from Time-Dependent Spin-Density-Functional Theory
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We derive the spin-wave dynamics of a magnetic material from the time-dependent spin-density-functional theory in the linear response regime. The equation of motion for the magnetization includes, besides the static spin stiffness, a “Berry curvature” correction and a damping term. A gradient expansion scheme based on the homogeneous spin-polarized electron gas is proposed for the latter two quantities, and the first few coefficients of the expansion are calculated to second order in the Coulomb interaction.
Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 056404 (2002)