Fine press materials in Special Collections
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A fine press is a printing establishment that adheres to particularly high standards in terms of the skill of the workers, the choice of materials, and the overall design of the books ultimately produced. As a consequence of these high standards, print runs -- i.e. the number of copies of a book that are printed -- tend to be very low. There is often, in addition, an emphasis on traditional printing technologies and techniques. The modern fine press movement is usually considered to have begun with the Kelmscott Press, established by William Morris in 1890-1891 as part of the broader Arts and Crafts movement. Morris founded his press in opposition to the ever-increasing mechanization of printing over the course of the 19th century, which Morris believed was accompanied by a decline in printing standards. The spirit of the fine press movement continues in the ongoing revival of the techniques of letterpress printing, but the movement itself is usually dated to the years 1891-1939. This finding aid concentrates on presses associated with the fine press movement itself, but also covers precursors to the movement. Presses founded after 1939 are excluded, with the exception of presses founded as continuations of earlier presses (for example, the Arion Press), presses founded by printers whose careers were well established by 1939 (for example, John Fass's Hammer Creek Press and Will Carter's Rampant Lions Press), and prominent Midwestern Presses (for example, the Stone Wall Press and the Perishable Press). Most of the presses listed are private presses -- i.e. independent presses set up more for artistic than financial purposes -- but some more commercial presses renowned for the quality of their work are also included. For each press, the books held by Special Collections that were printed at or published by that press are listed alphabetically by author, followed by any secondary resources held by Special Collections that relate specifically to that press. There is a separate page ("Other Resources") that lists secondary resources relating to the fine press movement as a whole.