Collective modes and electronic spectral function in smooth edges of quantum hall systems
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We present a microscopic theory of the collective modes of a ''smooth'' edge of a quantum Hall system, showing under what conditions these modes can be described as a set of independent bosons. We then calculate the electronic spectral function in an independent-boson model—a procedure that reduces to standard bosonization in the limit of ''sharp'' edge. The I-V tunneling characteristics deduced from this model exhibit, for low voltage, a power-law behavior, with exponents that differ significantly from those of the sharp edge model.
Phys. Rev. B 54, R14309-R14312 (1996)