Evidence-based practice self-efficacy of speech-language pathologists across settings
The purpose of this mixed-methods sequential explanatory study was to explore self-efficacy of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) employed in various settings. Self-efficacy of master's level SLPs was compared across settings to determine if differences existed in each of four experience groups. Self-efficacy ratings were also compared based on degree held, area of practice, and years of experience. Participants (n = 342) completed a survey containing 10 demographic questions, 11 items from Salbach and Jaglal's (2010) Evidence-Based Practice Confidence (EPIC) scale, and 2 open-ended questions regarding factors impacting self-efficacy. Participants (n=34) completed semi structured interviews to further explore factors influencing self-efficacy. No significant difference was noted in self-efficacy of master's level SLPs among settings. There was a significant difference between self-efficacy ratings based on degree held and years of experience. A significant difference in self-efficacy was found based on practice category (i.e., identification of knowledge gap, critical appraisal of research, development of treatment plans based on evidence, clinical judgment, and client preferences). Qualitative analysis revealed graduate program and post-graduate factors which impacted self efficacy ratings both positively and negatively.
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