Bales and Balance: A Review of the Methods Used to Assess the Economic Impact of Bt Cotton on Farmers in Developing Economies

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Bales and Balance: A Review of the Methods Used to Assess the Economic Impact of Bt Cotton on Farmers in Developing Economies

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10355/81

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dc.contributor.author Cartel, Melodie
dc.contributor.author Smale, Melinda
dc.contributor.author Zambrano, Patricia
dc.coverage.spatial Developing countries en
dc.date.accessioned 2008-10-17T19:07:04Z
dc.date.available 2008-10-17T19:07:04Z
dc.date.issued 2006
dc.identifier.citation AgBioForum, 9(3) 2006: 195-212. en
dc.identifier.issn 1522-936X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10355/81
dc.description Includes bibliographical references. en
dc.description.abstract We assess 47 peer-reviewed articles that have applied stated economics methods to measure the farm-level impacts of Bt cotton in developing agriculture from 1996. We focus on methods, although findings are also contrasted and compared in qualitative terms. The central research question assessed by the articles reviewed is: what are the current and potential advantages of transgenic cotton with respect to yield, pesticide use, input cost, revenue and/or profits at the farm-level, by farm type, and geographical region? We find that, while the evidence is promising, the balance sheet remains inconclusive in part because of some methodological limitations and in part because institutional and political context, which is mutable and often ignored, shapes economic impacts, especially over the longerterm. Most often, the contextual factors that influence whether a new variety succeeds or fails are more critical than whether yield advantages can be demonstrated in on-farm trials. en
dc.description.sponsorship This review was undertaken with the support of IDRC and in collaboration with Oxfam USA. en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher AgBioForum en
dc.subject economic impact en
dc.subject developing economies en
dc.subject Bt cotton en
dc.subject literature review en
dc.subject.lcsh Cotton -- Genetic engineering -- Economic aspects en
dc.title Bales and Balance: A Review of the Methods Used to Assess the Economic Impact of Bt Cotton on Farmers in Developing Economies en
dc.type Article en
dc.relation.ispartofcommunity University of Missouri-Columbia. College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources. Division of Applied Social Sciences. Department of Agricultural Economics. Economics and Management of Agrobiotechnology Center. AgBioForum (Journal)
dc.relation.ispartofcollection AgBioForum, vol. 9, no. 3 (2006)


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