The gravitomagnetic clock effect and its possible observation
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The general relativistic gravitomagnetic clock effect involves a coupling between the orbital motion of a test particle and the rotation of the central mass and results in a difference in the proper periods of two counter-revolving satellites. It is shown that at O(c^-2) this effect has a simple analogue in the electromagnetic case. Moreover, in view of a possible measurement of the clock effect in the gravitational field of the Earth, we investigate the influence of some classical perturbing forces of the terrestrial space environment on the orbital motion of test bodies along opposite trajectories.