A Prechemotherapy Video Education Intervention to Decrease Anxiety in Patients with Gynecologic Cancer
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Approximately 95,000 new cases of gynecologic cancer are diagnosed each year in the United States. Treatment for the five main types of gynecologic cancer typically consists of chemotherapy and other methods. Women with a new diagnosis of gynecologic cancer who are scheduled to receive chemotherapy for the first time are subject to high levels of anxiety and distress. These emotions negatively impact patients’ well-being and contribute to negative health outcomes such as poor management of side effects and impaired knowledge retention. The purpose of this pilot quasi-experimental evidence-based improvement project was to decrease anxiety levels in patients with gynecologic cancer who were about to receive chemotherapy for the first time using a video education intervention. One female patient with gynecologic cancer was recruited from a suburban outpatient chemotherapy infusion clinic in the Midwest United States. The participant watched a short educational video about chemotherapy for gynecologic cancer. Before and after the video, the participant completed the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale to assess anxiety. The results of this project contributed to clinical evidence-based practice change. This project assisted with the nursing management of patients with gynecologic cancer and improvement of the quality of life of patients with gynecologic cancer.
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