In 1995 the residency programs at Truman and at Saint Luke's Hospital merged, creating a multi-specialty department offering a full range of surgical services including general, vascular, plastic, neurological, urologic, thoracic, and trauma.

Between the institutions, almost 18,000 surgeries are performed annually and there are more than 100 full- and part-time general and subspecialty surgeons/faculty in private or group practice.