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dc.contributor.authorChu, Beieng
dc.contributor.authorGoyne, Keitheng
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, Stephen H.eng
dc.contributor.authorUdawatta, Ranjith P.eng
dc.contributor.authorLin, Chung-Hoeng
dc.contributor.meetingnameNorth American Agroforestry Conference (11th : 2009 : Columbia, Mo.)eng
dc.date.issued2009eng
dc.descriptionPaper presented at the 11th North American Agroforesty Conference, which was held May 31-June 3, 2009 in Columbia, Missouri.eng
dc.descriptionIn Gold, M.A. and M.M. Hall, eds. Agroforestry Comes of Age: Putting Science into Practice. Proceedings, 11th North American Agroforestry Conference, Columbia, Mo., May 31-June 3, 2009.eng
dc.description.abstractVeterinary antibiotics are used to treat infectious animal diseases and enhance animal growth. In Missouri, the increased growth of confined animal feeding operations (CAFOs) and the need to dispose of manure generated by CAFOS may be problematic due to co-application of antibiotics during land application of manure. Surface runoff events from claypan or claypan-like soils are relatively frequent; thus, there is a need to develop and evaluate the use of vegetative buffer strips (VBS) as management tools to reduce antibiotic transport to surface water resources. The objectives of this study were to (1) investigate oxytetracycline (OTC) and sulfadimethoxine (SDT) sorption to agroforestry (tree/grass) buffer, grass buffer, and cropland soils, (2) evaluate differences in antibiotic sorption between soils collected from different vegetative species, and (3) elucidate relationships between soil properties and antibiotic sorption. Sorption/desorption isotherms generated using batch techniques were well-fitted by the Freundlich isotherm model (r2 [greater than] 0.80). Oxytetracycline was strongly adsorbed by all soils, and the antibiotic was not readily desorbed; hysteresis was observed between all adsorption and desorption isotherms. Solid-solution distribution coefficients (Kd) values of OTC are an order of magnitude greater than those of SDT. Statistical analyses indicate that OTC Kd values are significantly greater for VBS soils relative to cropland soil, and STD Kd values are significantly greater for agroforestry soils as compared to other soils studied. Regression analyses correlating antibiotic sorption to soil properties are in progress. Results indicate that agroforestry and grass buffers may effectively mitigate antibiotic loss from agroecosystems due to enhanced antibiotic sorption properties.eng
dc.description.bibrefIncludes bibliographical references.eng
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityBei Chu (1), Keith Goyne (1), Stephen H. Anderson (1), Ranjith P. Udawatta (2) and Chung-Ho Lin (2) ; 1. Department of Soil, Environmental and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Missouri, 302 ABNR Building, Columbia, MO 65211. 2. Center for Agroforestry, University of Missouri, 203 ABNR, Columbia, MO 65211.eng
dc.format.extent10 pages : illustrationseng
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10355/84696
dc.languageEnglisheng
dc.subjectOxytetracycline (OTC), Sulfadimethoxine (SDT), Sorption/Desorption Isotherms, Vegetative Buffer Strips, Solid-Solution Distribution Coefficients (Kd)eng
dc.titleVeterinary antibiotic sorption to agroforestry buffer, grass buffer and cropland soilseng
dc.typePapereng


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