Fleeing from the Storm: Identifying Climate Change as a ‘Threat Multiplier’ to Migration in the Sahel Belt
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The Lake Chad Basin is the backbone for the livelihood of nearly thirty people. It is crucial for agriculture, trade, and fresh water. Over several decades, the size of the lake has fluctuated, altering the region’s economic output and intensifying resource scarcity. Additionally, political violence, primarily caused by Boko Haram, has significantly contributed to instability in the area. Due to a combination of these factors, over four million people have migrated away from their homes. This paper seeks to understand not only the status of migration in the Lake Chad Basin, but also its causes. By reviewing climate data and conflict reports, I build a framework on how to analyze this region and migration crisis. I argue that climate change is making migration worse, by acting as a threat multiplier to other causes of migration.