Ultrastructural Islet Study of Early Fibrosis in the Ren2 Rat Model of Hypertension Emerging Role of the Islet Pancreatic Pericyte-Stellate Cell
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Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a multifactorial disease with polygenic and environmental stressors resulting in multiple metabolic toxicities and islet oxidative stress. We have integrated the role of the islet renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the pathogenesis of early islet fibrosis utilizing the transgenic (mRen2)27 rodent model of hypertension and tissue RAS overexpression. The Ren2 pancreatic islet tissue was evaluated with transmission electron microscopy to study both early cellular and extracellular matrix remodeling. Major remodeling differences in the Ren2 model were found to be located within the islet exocrine interface, including deposition of early fibrillar-banded collagen (fibrosis) and cellular remodeling of the pericyte suggesting proliferation, migration, hypertrophy and activation as compared to the Sprague Dawley controls.
Ultrastructural Islet Study of Early Fibrosis in the Ren2 Rat Model of Hypertension Emerging Role of the Islet Pancreatic Pericyte-Stellate Cell. Journal of the Pancreas, 8(6), 725-738.