Items in this collection are the scholarly output of the Department of Philosophy faculty, staff, and students, either alone or as co-authors, and which may or may not have been published in an alternate format. Items may contain more than one file type.

Recent Submissions

  • "Tat tvam asi": An Important Identity Statement or a Mere Tautology 

    Gupta, Bina, 1947-; Wilcox, William C. (University of Hawaii Press, 1984-01)
    Before one can reasonably investigate the question of whether two things are identical, it stands to reason that one must have a clear understanding not only of what counts as a thing but, even more importantly, of what ...
  • Epistemic Conditions for Collective Action 

    Chant, Sara Rachel; Ernst, Zachary (Oxford University Press, 2008-07)
    Writers on collective action are in broad agreement that in order for a group of agents to form a collective intention, the members of that group must have beliefs about the beliefs of the other members. But in spite of ...
  • Perception, True Opinion and Knowledge in Plato's Theaetetus 

    Bondeson, William B., 1938- (Brill, 1969)
    Several years ago Mr. J. Xenakis proposed an interpretation of some aspects of the passage in the Theaetetus in which the thesis that is oc'LaO-?aLq receives its final refutation (184B4- 186El2). Although I agree in the ...
  • Aristotle on Responsibility for one's character and the possibility of character change 

    Bondeson, William B., 1938- (Brill, 1974)
    Aristotle's discussion of the voluntary and the involuntary occurs in Book III, chapters 1 through 5, of the Nicomachean Ethics. He is concerned to assess the conditions under which a) an action and b) a state of character ...
  • Some Problems about Being and Predication in Plato's Sophist 242-249 

    Bondeson, William B., 1938- (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976-01)
    One of the central tasks which Plato sets for himself in the Sophist is to say what being is. In doing this he makes a variety of philosophical moves. The first is to show that non-being in a very restricted sense of the ...
  • Rea on Universalism 

    McGrath, Matthew (2001)
    Universalism is the thesis that, for any (material) things at any time, there is something they compose at that time. In McGrath (1998), I argued that, contrary Peter van Inwagen (1990), Universalism is compatible with ...
  • Deflationism and the Normativity of Truth 

    McGrath, Matthew (1998)
    Deflationist theories of truth, some critics have argued, fail to account for the normativity of truth. This is one of the more promising, if also more elusive, objections to deflationism. Here I will consider and answer ...
  • Four-Dimensionalism and the Puzzles of Coincidence 

    McGrath, Matthew (2005)
    Often cited in defense of four-dimensionalism about the persistence of material objects is its treatment of the so-called puzzles of coincidence. These puzzles include the statue/lump, the ship of Theseus, Tibbles the cat, ...
  • Memory and Epistemic Conservatism 

    McGrath, Matthew (2007)
    We are all conservatives, at least when it comes to belief retention. We are forgetful, of course, but we typically do not abandon our beliefs unless we have special reasons to do so. Whichever view one takes of the ...
  • On Pragmatic Encroachment in Epistemology 

    Fantl, Jeremy; McGrath, Matthew (2007-10)
    We argue, contrary to epistemological orthodoxy, that knowledge is not purely epistemic—that knowledge is not simply a matter of truth-related factors (evidence, reliability, etc.). We do this by arguing for a pragmatic ...
  • The Vicissitudes of Common-Sense Virtue Ethics, Part II: The Heuristic Use of Common Sense 

    Kultgen, John H. (Kluwer, 1998-12)
    In the first part of this study, I compared the ways in which Aristotle and Michael Slote utilize common sense, meaning the opinions and intuitions of the majority of people or some reference group among them. Both ...
  • The Vicissitudes of Common-Sense Virtue Ethics, Part I: From Aristotle to Slote 

    Kultgen, John H. (Kluwer, 1998-09)
    In a treatise on methods of applied ethics, Abraham Edel, Elizabeth Flower, and Finbarr O'Connor distinguish between three traditional families of terms, “the family of right and wrong, duty and moral law, rights and ...
  • What should deflationism be when it grows up? 

    Horisk, Claire (Springer Verlag, 2005)
    I argue that a popular brand of deflationism about truth, disquotationalism, does not adequately account for some central varieties of truth ascription. For example, given Boyle's Law is ''The product of pressure and ...
  • Truth, Meaning, and Circularity 

    Horisk, Claire (Springer Verlag, 2008-01)
    It is often argued that the combination of deflationism about truth and the truth-conditional theory of meaning is impossible for reasons of circularity. I distinguish, and reject, two strains of circularity argument. Arguments ...
  • Critical Notice of G.A. Cohen's Self-Ownership, Freedom, and Equality. 

    Vallentyne, Peter (University of Calgary Press, 1998)
    G.A. Cohen's book brings together and elaborates on articles that he has written on self-ownership, on Marx's theory of exploitation, and on the future of socialism. Although seven of the eleven chapters have been previously ...
  • The Nomic Role Account of Carving Reality at the Joints 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Springer Verlag, 1998-05)
    Natural properties are those that carve reality at the joints. The notion of carving reality at the joints, however, is somewhat obscure. It is sometimes understood in terms of making for similarity, sometimes in terms of ...
  • Left-Libertarian Theories of Justice 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, 1999)
    Libertarian theories of justice hold that agents, at least initially, own themselves fully, and thus owe no service to others, except through voluntary action. The most familiar libertarian theories (e.g., Nozick [1974]) ...
  • Equality, Efficiency, and the Priority of the Worse Off 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Cambridge University Press, 2000)
    Egalitarian theories of justice hold that equality should be promoted. Typically, perfect equality will not be achievable, and it will be necessary to determine which of various unequal distributions is the most equal. All ...
  • Standard Decision Theory Corrected: Assessing Options When Probability is Infinitely and Uniformly Spread 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Springer Verlag, 2000-03)
    Where there are infinitely many possible [equiprobable] basic states of the world, a standard probability function must assign zero probability to each state—since any finite probability would sum to over one. This generates ...
  • Critical Notice: Child versus Childmaker: Future Persons and Present Duties in Ethics and the Law, Melinda Roberts, 1998, Rowman & Littlefield. 

    Vallentyne, Peter (Wiley-Blackwell, 2000)
    In Child versus Childmaker Melinda Roberts provides an enlightening analysis and a cogent defense of a version of the person-affecting restriction in ethics. The rough idea of this restriction is that an action, state of ...

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