Neutron interferometry in a rotating frame of reference
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The physical basis for the description of phenomena by a rotating observer is investigated. A simple, yet tentative, extension of the hypothesis of locality is used to determine the interference phase shift induced by the rotation of a neutron interferometer. The result consists of the Sagnac term, which is due to the coupling of the orbital angular momentum of the neutron with the rotation of the frame, and a new term which arises from a similar coupling because of the neutron spin. The latter effect is generally smaller than the Sagnac phase shift by the ratio of de Broglie wavelength of the neutron to the dimension of the interferometer. The possibility of detecting the new effect is briefly discussed.
Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2639-2642 (1988)