Lessons from Community Entrepreneurship: The Concept of Spawning
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Capital-constrained cooperatives are being challenged by producer-members to provide vertical integration opportunities. We find evidence producer groups are utilizing an investment strategy described as spawning. Producer-investors familiar with a particular organizational form and who have developed joint investment networks were more apt to invest in newly spawned ventures.
University of Missouri, Agricultural Economics Department Working Paper, AEWP 2009-3.