Examination of Victim and Perpetrator Blame in Date Rape Scenarios and Exploration of Ambivalent Sexism Subtypes as Predictors of Male and Female Rape Myths among a Sample of College Students

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Examination of Victim and Perpetrator Blame in Date Rape Scenarios and Exploration of Ambivalent Sexism Subtypes as Predictors of Male and Female Rape Myths among a Sample of College Students

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10355/9125

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dc.contributor.advisor Brown, Chrisanthia, 1957- en
dc.contributor.author Trangsrud, Heather B.
dc.coverage.spatial Midwestern United States en
dc.date.accessioned 2010-11-30T18:46:15Z
dc.date.available 2010-11-30T18:46:15Z
dc.date.issued 2010-11-30
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.date.submitted 2010 Fall en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10355/9125
dc.description Dissertation advisor: Chrisanthia Brown, Ph.D. en
dc.description Title from PDF of title page, viewed on November 30, 2010. en
dc.description Vita. en
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (pages 143-148). en
dc.description Dissertation (Ph. D.)--School of Education and Social Science. University of Missouri--Kansas City, 2010. en
dc.description.abstract Rape has stereotypically been considered a crime involving a female victim and a male perpetrator. In reality, rape is a traumatic event that is both experienced and perpetrated by men and women. Previous research has focused on examining victim and perpetrator blame in male-on-female and male-on-male date rape scenarios or in sexual assault scenarios (i.e., scenarios not involving penetration) rather than date rape scenarios (Gerber, Cronin, & Steigman, 2004). In addition, benevolent (BS) and hostile (HS) sexism have been examined as predictors of female and male rape myths, although little research has examined which subtypes of BS and HS toward men and women predict male and female rape myths (Chapleau, Oswald, & Russell, 2007, 2008). Therefore, the present study was unique as it examined victim and perpetrator blame in date rape scenarios of all sex pairings, determined if participants with higher benevolent sexism (BS) endorsed more victim and perpetrator blame than low BS counterparts, and expanded on previous research by examining which subtypes of BS and HS toward men predicted male rape myths, and if BS subtypes and overall HS toward women predicted female rape myths. Two hundred fifty men and women undergraduate students from two Midwestern universities completed survey materials. A multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) demonstrated that men participants endorsed more date rape victim blame (regardless of victim sex) when the perpetrator was male. Also, men participants (not women participants) that endorsed higher BS toward men (but not toward women) endorsed more victim blame. Two hierarchical multiple regressions (MRs) revealed that two of the three BS subscales (i.e., maternalism and complementary gender differentiation) and one of the three HS subscales (i.e., heterosexual hostility) toward men served as significant predictors of male rape myths and that one BS subscale (i.e., complementary gender differentiation) and overall HS toward women accounted for a significant amount of variance in female rape myths. Interpretations, implications, and limitations of the findings are discussed, and recommendations for future research are offered. en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents Abstract -- List of Illustrations -- List of Tables -- Acknowledgements -- Introduction -- Literature Review -- Methodology -- Results -- Discussion -- Appendices A-L -- Reference List -- Vita. en
dc.format.extent xi, 150 pages en
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher University of Missouri--Kansas City en
dc.subject Ambivalent Sexism en
dc.subject Perpetrator blame en
dc.subject Victims of crimes -- Psychological aspects en
dc.subject.lcsh Date rape en
dc.subject.lcsh Rape -- Psychological aspects en
dc.subject.lcsh Rape -- Public opinion en
dc.subject.lcsh Blaming the victim -- Psychological aspects en
dc.title Examination of Victim and Perpetrator Blame in Date Rape Scenarios and Exploration of Ambivalent Sexism Subtypes as Predictors of Male and Female Rape Myths among a Sample of College Students en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
thesis.degree.discipline Counseling Psychology en
thesis.degree.grantor University of Missouri--Kansas City en
thesis.degree.name Ph. D. en
thesis.degree.level Doctoral en


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