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dc.contributor.advisorTemple, Daniel Howard, 1979-eng
dc.contributor.advisorWescott, Daniel Jayeng
dc.contributor.authorKnobbe, Sharon, 1984-eng
dc.coverage.spatialJapaneng
dc.date.issued2010eng
dc.date.submitted2010 Summereng
dc.descriptionTitle from PDF of title page (University of Missouri--Columbia, viewed on Aug. 18, 2010).eng
dc.descriptionThe entire thesis text is included in the research.pdf file; the official abstract appears in the short.pdf file; a non-technical public abstract appears in the public.pdf file.eng
dc.descriptionThesis advisor: Dr. Daniel Temple & Dr. Daniel Wescott.eng
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references.eng
dc.descriptionM.A. University of Missouri--Columbia 2010.eng
dc.descriptionDissertations, Academic -- University of Missouri--Columbia -- Anthropology.eng
dc.description.abstractThis thesis uses long bone diaphyseal morphology to test hypotheses regarding behavior and functional adaptation among Jomon period hunter-gatherers from the Yoshigo site in Japan. Cross-sectional properties of Jomon femora taken at midshaft were compared with the femora of hunter-gatherers from the Aleutian Islands. Cross-sectional properties from the mid-distal shaft of the humerus were compared between the Jomon and hunter-gatherers from the Aleutian Islands, California, and Georgia Coast. Sexual dimorphism was additionally assessed between the groups. Results suggest that the Jomon share a similar pattern of femoral robusticity (J) and shape (Ix/Iy) as Aleut hunter-gatherers. This study also found that Jomon humeri are significantly more robust than all comparative samples, but humeral shape is similar between the groups. In terms of sexual dimorphism, Jomon males and females are similar in both femoral and humeral robusticity and shape relative to the comparative samples, with Jomon males being more robust than females. Jomon and Aleut femoral robusticity and shape is associated with similarity in terrestrial mobility and terrain. The greater robusticity in Jomon humeri reflects intensive bimanual activities including swimming, rowing, digging tubers and throwing and lifting of fishing nets. Similarity in shape, but differences in robusticity between the sexes suggests similar direction of loading practiced with varying intensity.eng
dc.format.extentviii, 121 pageseng
dc.identifier.merlinb80705455eng
dc.identifier.oclc681961143eng
dc.identifier.otherKnobbeS-071910-T220eng
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10355/9278eng
dc.languageEnglisheng
dc.publisherUniversity of Missouri--Columbiaeng
dc.relation.ispartof2010 Freely available theses (MU)eng
dc.relation.ispartofcommunityUniversity of Missouri-Columbia. Graduate School. Theses and Dissertations. Theses. 2010 Theseseng
dc.subject.lcshBones -- Analysiseng
dc.subject.lcshHuman remains (Archaeology)eng
dc.subject.lcshHuman skeleton -- Analysiseng
dc.subject.lcshJōmon cultureeng
dc.titleReconstructing activity patterns in prehistoric Jomon people using long bone cross-sectional geometryeng
dc.typeThesiseng
thesis.degree.disciplineAnthropology (MU)eng
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Missouri--Columbiaeng
thesis.degree.levelMasterseng
thesis.degree.nameM.A.eng


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