Reconstructing activity patterns in prehistoric Jomon people using long bone cross-sectional geometry

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Reconstructing activity patterns in prehistoric Jomon people using long bone cross-sectional geometry

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10355/9278

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dc.contributor.advisor Temple, Daniel Howard, 1979- en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Wescott, Daniel Jay en_US
dc.contributor.author Knobbe, Sharon, 1984- en_US
dc.coverage.spatial Japan
dc.date.accessioned 2010-12-08T17:48:07Z
dc.date.available 2010-12-08T17:48:07Z
dc.date.issued 2010 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2010 Summer en_US
dc.identifier.other KnobbeS-071910-T220 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10355/9278
dc.description Title from PDF of title page (University of Missouri--Columbia, viewed on Aug. 18, 2010). en_US
dc.description The entire thesis text is included in the research.pdf file; the official abstract appears in the short.pdf file; a non-technical public abstract appears in the public.pdf file. en_US
dc.description Thesis advisor: Dr. Daniel Temple & Dr. Daniel Wescott. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references. en_US
dc.description M.A. University of Missouri--Columbia 2010. en_US
dc.description Dissertations, Academic -- University of Missouri--Columbia -- Anthropology. en_US
dc.description.abstract This thesis uses long bone diaphyseal morphology to test hypotheses regarding behavior and functional adaptation among Jomon period hunter-gatherers from the Yoshigo site in Japan. Cross-sectional properties of Jomon femora taken at midshaft were compared with the femora of hunter-gatherers from the Aleutian Islands. Cross-sectional properties from the mid-distal shaft of the humerus were compared between the Jomon and hunter-gatherers from the Aleutian Islands, California, and Georgia Coast. Sexual dimorphism was additionally assessed between the groups. Results suggest that the Jomon share a similar pattern of femoral robusticity (J) and shape (Ix/Iy) as Aleut hunter-gatherers. This study also found that Jomon humeri are significantly more robust than all comparative samples, but humeral shape is similar between the groups. In terms of sexual dimorphism, Jomon males and females are similar in both femoral and humeral robusticity and shape relative to the comparative samples, with Jomon males being more robust than females. Jomon and Aleut femoral robusticity and shape is associated with similarity in terrestrial mobility and terrain. The greater robusticity in Jomon humeri reflects intensive bimanual activities including swimming, rowing, digging tubers and throwing and lifting of fishing nets. Similarity in shape, but differences in robusticity between the sexes suggests similar direction of loading practiced with varying intensity. en_US
dc.format.extent viii, 121 pages en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher University of Missouri--Columbia en_US
dc.relation.ispartof 2010 Freely available theses (MU) en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Bones -- Analysis en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Human remains (Archaeology) en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Human skeleton -- Analysis en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Jōmon culture en_US
dc.title Reconstructing activity patterns in prehistoric Jomon people using long bone cross-sectional geometry en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
thesis.degree.discipline Anthropology en_US
thesis.degree.grantor University of Missouri--Columbia en_US
thesis.degree.name M.A. en_US
thesis.degree.level Masters en_US
dc.identifier.merlin b80705455
dc.identifier.oclc 681961143 en_US
dc.relation.ispartofcommunity University of Missouri-Columbia. Graduate School. Theses and Dissertations. Theses. 2010 Theses


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