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dc.contributor.advisorThomas, Tom R.eng
dc.contributor.authorElder, Tom, 1985-eng
dc.date.issued2010eng
dc.date.submitted2010 Summereng
dc.descriptionTitle from PDF of title page (University of Missouri--Columbia, viewed on August 10, 2010).eng
dc.descriptionThe entire thesis text is included in the research.pdf file; the official abstract appears in the short.pdf file; a non-technical public abstract appears in the public.pdf file.eng
dc.descriptionDr. Tom R. Thomas, Thesis Supervisor.eng
dc.descriptionM.A. University of Missouri--Columbia 2010.eng
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of an acute bout of eccentriconly (ECC) resistance exercise to an acute bout of concentric-only (CON) resistance exercise on glucose tolerance and to investigate the role of inflammation in any observed differences. Methods: Fourteen overweight, untrained participants (BMI = 33.6 [plus or minus] 1.2) performed either an ECC (N = 7) or CON (N = 7) resistance exercise session. An oral glucose tolerance test was administered days before and 24-hours post-exercise. The exercise session consisted of 1-repetition maximum (1RM) testing followed by three sets of ten repetitions at 75% of their contraction specific 1RM on a knee extension machine and leg curl machine. Blood samples were analyzed for IL-6 and TNFa and delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) was measured. Results: ANOVA calculations indicated a trend on glucose tolerance between the groups' pre- and post-exercise sessions (p = 0.098). There was also a trend observed in IL-6 between the 1h and 24h measurements (p = 0.097), but no differences between the groups. No changes in TNFa were observed. ECC exercise increased soreness that peaked at 48h and CON exercise induced no soreness changes. Conclusions: These data suggest that in an overweight, untrained population, an acute bout of ECC-only or CON-only resistance exercise may cause opposite effects on glucose tolerance; ECC exercise decreasing glucose tolerance, CON exercise increasing glucose tolerance. Opposing effects on glucose tolerance from the exercise occurred in lieu of a similar response in IL-6 and TNFa to the exercise.eng
dc.description.bibrefIncludes bibliographical referenceseng
dc.format.extentvii, 134 pageseng
dc.identifier.merlinb80704062eng
dc.identifier.oclc681919696eng
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10355/9285
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.32469/10355/9285eng
dc.languageEnglisheng
dc.publisherUniversity of Missouri--Columbiaeng
dc.relation.ispartofcommunityUniversity of Missouri--Columbia. Graduate School. Theses and Dissertationseng
dc.rightsOpenAccess.eng
dc.rights.licenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License.
dc.subject.lcshIsometric exerciseeng
dc.subject.lcshMuscle strengtheng
dc.subject.lcshExercise -- Physiological aspectseng
dc.subject.lcshGlucose tolerance testseng
dc.titleEccentric and concentric resistance exercise induced changes on insulin sensitivity and inflammationeng
dc.typeThesiseng
thesis.degree.disciplineExercise physiology (MU)eng
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Missouri--Columbiaeng
thesis.degree.levelMasterseng
thesis.degree.nameM.A.eng


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