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dc.contributor.advisorLyman, R. Leeen_US
dc.contributor.authorRosania, Corinne N., 1985-en_US
dc.coverage.spatialMissouri
dc.date.issued2010eng
dc.date.submitted2010 Summeren_US
dc.descriptionTitle from PDF of title page (University of Missouri--Columbia, viewed on Aug. 20, 2010).en_US
dc.descriptionThe entire thesis text is included in the research.pdf file; the official abstract appears in the short.pdf file; a non-technical public abstract appears in the public.pdf file.en_US
dc.descriptionThesis advisor: Dr. R. Lee Lyman.en_US
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references.en_US
dc.descriptionM.A. University of Missouri--Columbia 2010.en_US
dc.descriptionDissertations, Academic -- University of Missouri--Columbia -- Anthropology.en_US
dc.description.abstractHuman population growth and intensification of resource extraction during the 19th century changed the American landscape. Deforestation, residential sprawl and hunting activities impacted the behavior and sometimes the existence of native species. By the early 1900s, North American black bears (Ursus americanus) were extirpated from Missouri. Modern efforts to restore this species to the region are guided by the assumption that extant extra-local black bear ecology accurately depicts native Missouri ursid ecology. Paleozoological data provide the only means to test this assumption. Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis of skeletal remains of ten late Holocene black bears from Lawson Cave in central Missouri reveals three aspects of native black bear diet: 1) Lawson Cave black bears are isotopically distinct from herbivores and carnivores; 2) There is no clear trend in black bear diet over the past 600 years; and 3) Lawson Cave black bear diet is not significantly different from that of modern black bears. Native Missouri black bears, as reflected by the Lawson Cave ursids, are no different from extralocal modern black bears in terms of diet. Therefore, these ecological data can be applied to future management and conservation planning regarding Missouri black bears by indicating appropriate regions (which can support the resource-use habits of black bears) for relocation programs.en_US
dc.format.extentvi, 65 pagesen_US
dc.identifier.merlinb80707890
dc.identifier.oclc682720471en_US
dc.identifier.otherRosaniaC-070110-T221en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10355/9288
dc.publisherUniversity of Missouri--Columbiaen_US
dc.relation.ispartof2010 Freely available theses (MU)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofcommunityUniversity of Missouri-Columbia. Graduate School. Theses and Dissertations. Theses. 2010 Theses
dc.subject.lcshEndangered speciesen_US
dc.subject.lcshBlack bear -- Reintroductionen_US
dc.subject.lcshWildlife managementen_US
dc.titlePaleozoological stable isotope data for modern management of historically extirpated Missouri black bears (Ursus americanus)en_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAnthropology (MU)eng
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Missouri--Columbiaeng
thesis.degree.levelMasterseng
thesis.degree.nameM.A.en_US


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