Development and initial validation of the International Students' Advising Relationships scale (iSTAR)
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The International Student's Advising Relationship scale (iSTAR) was developed to allow counselors, educators, and researchers to assess international students' relationship with their advisors from a cultural lens. An exploratory factor analysis was conducted with 285 international students and resulted in 3 factors: interpersonal support, instructional support, and visa issues that included 26 items. The alpha coefficients were Total Scale [alpha] = .956; Interpersonal Support [alpha] = .946; Instructional Support [alpha] = .915; and Visa Issues [alpha] = .939 implying that the scale as a whole and the subscales demonstrate a high degree of internal consistency. To provide initial validity evidence of the iSTAR measure, both criterion-related validity and discriminant validity were examined. Implications for counseling, mental health practices, and institutions in higher education were discussed.