Self-trapped magnetic polaron: Exact solution of a continuum model in one dimension
A continuum model for the self-trapped magnetic polaron is formulated and solved in one dimension using a variational technique as well as the Euler-Lagrange method, in the limit of JH→∞, where JH is the Hund's-rule coupling between the itinerant electron and the localized lattice spins treated as classical spins. The Euler-Lagrange equations are solved numerically. The magnetic polaron state is determined by a competition between the electron kinetic energy, characterized by the hopping integral t, and the energy of the antiferromagnetic lattice, characterized by the exchange integral J. In the broad-band case, i.e., for large values of α≡t/JS2, the electron nucleates a saturated ferromagnetic core region (type-II polaron) similar to the Mott description, while in the opposite limit, the ferromagnetic core is only partially saturated (type-I polaron), with the crossover being at αc≈7.5. The magnetic polaron is found to be self-trapped for all values of α. The continuum results are also compared to the results for the discrete lattice.
Phys. Rev. B 63, 214413 (2001)