Electronic Structure of the Perovskite Oxides: La1-xCaxMnO3
The electronic structures of the perovskite oxides, LaMnO3 and CaMnO3, are studied using density-functional methods. Antiferromagnetic insulating (AFI) solutions are obtained for both compounds within the local-density approximation (LDA). For LaMnO3 the Jahn-Teller distortion, found necessary for the AFI solution, produces occupied Mn(z2-1) orbitals pointed along the long, basal-plane Mn-O bonds. The large on-site Coulomb U and exchange J, obtained from “constrained” LDA calculations, U≈8-10eV and J≈0.9eV, indicate important correlation effects and yield large redistribution of the spectral weight within the LDA+U approach.
Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 960-963 (1996)