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dc.contributor.authorGalushko, Viktoriya
dc.contributor.authorGray, Richard, 1957-
dc.contributor.authorSmyth, Stuart
dc.date.issued2010
dc.description.abstractThe development of intellectual property (IP) protection in plant breeding brought much-needed private investment into canola research in the 1980s, but at the same time, fragmented research and IP ownership. In the 1990s, the biotechnology industry tried to address the growing IP fragmentation through a series of mergers and acquisitions. As we show through a survey of canola breeders, these changes reduced the sharing of knowledge in both the public and private sector, significantly increasing the cost of conducting breeding research. In the past decade, firms have clearly moved away from mergers and acquisitions towards cross-licensing of IP. What remains to be seen, is whether these agreements get to the root of the freedom-to-operate (FTO) problem that exists in agricultural biotechnology.en_US
dc.identifier.citationAgBioForum, 13(4) 2010: 360-369.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1522-936X
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10355/9968
dc.publisherAgBioForumen_US
dc.relation.ispartofcollectionAgBioForum, vol. 13, no. 4 (2010)
dc.relation.ispartofcommunityUniversity of Missouri-Columbia. College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources. Division of Applied Social Sciences. Department of Agricultural Economics. Economics and Management of Agrobiotechnology Center. AgBioForum (Journal)
dc.subjectplant genomicsen_US
dc.subjectpatent protectionen_US
dc.subject.lcshIntellectual property -- Economic aspectsen
dc.subject.lcshCanola -- Biotechnologyen
dc.subject.lcshTransgenic plantsen
dc.subject.lcshCanola -- Genetic engineeringen
dc.titleResolving FTO barriers in GM canolaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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