Complex pore spaces create record-breaking methane storage system for natural-gas vehicles
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It has been proposed that nearly space-filling networks of nanopores in biocarbon may provide a “sponge” for lowpressure, high-capacity storage of methane CH4 for advanced transportation.1 Such pores, a few molecular diameters wide, adsorb CH4 by strong van der Waals forces as a high- density fluid at low pressure and room temperature supercritical adsorption. The dense fluid arises because, in narrow pores, the tails of the substrate potential from opposite walls overlap and create a deep potential well. In the absence of nanopores, CH4 would just be a low-density gas. Maximum density of CH4 is predicted in pores of width 1.1 nm.
Chaos 17, 041108 (2007)