Crosstalk computing: circuit techniques, implementation and potential applications
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This work presents a radically new computing concept for digital Integrated Circuits (ICs), called Crosstalk Computing. The conventional CMOS scaling trend is facing device scaling limitations and interconnect bottleneck. The other primary concern of miniaturization of ICs is the signal-integrity issue due to Crosstalk, which is the unwanted interference of signals between neighboring metal lines. The Crosstalk is becoming inexorable with advancing technology nodes. Traditional computing circuits always tries to reduce this Crosstalk by applying various circuit and layout techniques. In contrast, this research develops novel circuit techniques that can leverage this detrimental effect and convert it astutely to a useful feature. The Crosstalk is engineered into a logic computation principle by leveraging deterministic signal interference for innovative circuit implementation. This research work presents a comprehensive circuit framework for Crosstalk Computing and derives all the key circuit elements that can enable this computing model. Along with regular digital logic circuits, it also presents a novel Polymorphic circuit approach unique to Crosstalk Computing. In Polymorphic circuits, the functionality of a circuit can be altered using a control variable. Owing to the multi-functional embodiment in polymorphic-circuits, they find many useful applications such as reconfigurable system design, resource sharing, hardware security, and fault-tolerant circuit design, etc. This dissertation shows a comprehensive list of polymorphic logic gate implementations, which were not reported previously in any other work. It also performs a comparison study between Crosstalk polymorphic circuits and existing polymorphic approaches, which are either inefficient due to custom non-linear circuit styles or propose exotic devices. The ability to design a wide range of polymorphic logic circuits (basic and complex logics) compact in design and minimal in transistor count is unique to Crosstalk Computing, which leads to benefits in the circuit density, power, and performance. The circuit simulation and characterization results show a 6x improvement in transistor count, 2x improvement in switching energy, and 1.5x improvement in performance compared to counterpart implementation in CMOS circuit style. Nevertheless, the Crosstalk circuits also face issues while cascading the circuits; this research analyzes all the problems and develops auxiliary circuit techniques to fix the problems. Moreover, it shows a module-level cascaded polymorphic circuit example, which also employs the auxiliary circuit techniques developed. For the very first time, it implements a proof-of-concept prototype Chip for Crosstalk Computing at TSMC 65nm technology and demonstrates experimental evidence for runtime reconfiguration of the polymorphic circuit. The dissertation also explores the application potentials for Crosstalk Computing circuits. Finally, the future work section discusses the Electronic Design Automation (EDA) challenges and proposes an appropriate design flow; besides, it also discusses ideas for the efficient implementation of Crosstalk Computing structures. Thus, further research and development to realize efficient Crosstalk Computing structures can leverage the comprehensive circuit framework developed in this research and offer transformative benefits for the semiconductor industry.
Table of Contents
Introduction and Motivation -- More Moore and Relevant Beyond CMOS Research Directions -- Crosstalk Computing -- Crosstalk Circuits Based on Perception Model -- Crosstalk Circuit Types -- Cascading Circuit Issues and Sollutions -- Existing Polymorphic Circuit Approaches -- Crosstalk Polymorphic Circuits -- Comparison and Benchmarking of Crosstalk Gates -- Practical Realization of Crosstalk Gates -- Poential Applications -- Conclusion and Future Work
Ph.D. (Doctor Of Philosophy)