Meretites' Faience Ushebtis: An Analysis and Determination of their Production in a Late Period or Ptolemaic Workshop

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Meretites' Faience Ushebtis: An Analysis and Determination of their Production in a Late Period or Ptolemaic Workshop

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10355/9620

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dc.contributor.advisor Cohon, Robert en
dc.contributor.author Valentine, Michele Renee Kliebert
dc.date.accessioned 2011-01-20T22:14:25Z
dc.date.available 2011-01-20T22:14:25Z
dc.date.issued 2011-01-20
dc.date.issued 2010 en
dc.date.submitted 2010 Fall en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10355/9620
dc.description Title from PDF of title page, viewed on January 20, 2011. en
dc.description Thesis advisor: Robert Cohon. en
dc.description Vita. en
dc.description Includes bibliographic references (pages 250-253). en
dc.description Thesis (M.A.)--Dept. of Art and Art History. University of Missouri--Kansas City, 2010. en
dc.description.abstract The hundreds of faience shabtis in an individual Late Period burial demanded a significant production effort within a workshop. Petrie's discovery of thousands of molds for small faience objects in Amarna (1891-92) and Memphis (1908-13) led scholars such as Alfred Lucas (1962) and Hans Schneider (1977) to conclude that the majority of faience shabtis were mold-made and then manually detailed as needed. Beyond this, little information remains regarding the exact production methods. Using stylistic analyses and numerous measurements made during my two-year study of the 305 shabtis from the burial assemblage for a wealthy woman named Meretites (380 to 250 BC.; Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art), I determined more precisely how they were manufactured. Within a single atelier, four separate teams of craftsmen each produced a distinct stylistic group of shabtis from start to finish. Besides employing different molds, each team completed the desired detailing of the baskets, hands, and tools, and the incised hieroglyphs in their own unique manner. Variations in glazing indicate that faience recipes and, possibly, firing differed slightly among the work groups. The work teams themselves varied in size and structure. The discrete group of craftsmen staffing each team ranged from at least two to more than four workers. While the production tasks appear evenly divided amongst two craftsmen in one team, the remaining groups contained a primary craftsman supported by one or more workers. Thus, the manufacturing process proves unique to each work team. en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents Abstract -- List of Illustrations -- List of Tables -- Egyptian Chronology -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- Visual Analyses of the Worker Ushebtis -- Analyses of the Manual Detailing of the Working Ushebtis -- Visual Analyses for the Overseer Ushebtis -- Conclusions -- Appendices -- Bibliography -- Vita. en
dc.format.extent xv ,254 pages en
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher University of Missouri--Kansas City en
dc.subject Funerary figurine en
dc.subject Shawabty en
dc.subject.lcsh Faience -- Egypt en
dc.subject.lcsh Ushabti en
dc.subject.lcsh Funeral rites and ceremonies -- Egypt en
dc.subject.lcsh Industrial arts -- History en
dc.subject.other Thesis -- University of Missouri--Kansas City -- Art History en
dc.title Meretites' Faience Ushebtis: An Analysis and Determination of their Production in a Late Period or Ptolemaic Workshop en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
thesis.degree.discipline Art History en
thesis.degree.grantor University of Missouri--Kansas City en
thesis.degree.name M.A. en
thesis.degree.level Masters en


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