Response-Dependence, Rigidification, and Objectivity
A response-dependent account of a given attribute, such as redness or wrongness, identifies the attribute with the disposition to produce specified sorts of response in specified sorts of being under specified conditions. A fully developed sophisticated response-dependent account would fill in specifications for B (the beings) and C (the conditions), would probably replace the reference to disapproval with a reference to a more complex response, and might involve a more complex scheme. For simplicity, however, I shall focus my argument on the above simple scheme of moral wrongness, since added complexities will be irrelevant to my argument.
Erkenntnis 44 (1995): 101-112.