How much does weight loss affect hypertension?
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Weight loss of 4 kg by diet reduces systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) by 4.5 and 3.2 mm Hg, respectively (SOR: A, systematic review with consistent findings). Weight loss of 1 to 1.2 kg by exercise may produce small reductions in systolic or diastolic BP (SOR: B, mixed quality of studies). Available evidence is inadequate to examine the combined effects of diet and exercise.
Journal of Family Practice, 62(5) 2013: 258-259.